美國插手南海事,中菲黃岩島對峙~軍事倫理(二)軍隊文化

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美國插手南海事,中菲黃岩島對峙~軍事倫理(二)軍隊文化

發表  世清教官 于 周一 4月 30, 2012 9:56 am

名家-詭譎戰略環境下的太平島防務


南海油田 日出東方

旺報 【傅應川】2012-04-28 01:09 (作者為退役中將、中華戰略學會常務理事)

自本月初,中共與菲律賓船艦在南海黃岩島對峙以來,迄今已歷半月餘,局面依然相持不下。事件始於菲國軍艦「德爾皮拉爾」號,試圖非法檢查中國漁船,中共派遣海監船阻止其行動,因而形成對峙。

事件發生後,菲方頻頻出牌,企圖影響國際視聽,尋求「國際仲裁」,將南海問題國際化,並以弱者的姿態爭取國際同情,鼓動東協各國加入對抗中共行列,並盼西方國際施予援手。


菲律賓軍方將領出示照片,重申該國對黃岩島的主權。

中方雖以和平外交為手段,維護主權為底線與菲交涉。但對比以往的態度亦空前強硬,不僅機艦雲集三亞劍指南海,發出戰爭信號,擺出不惜一戰之姿態,以軍事威懾菲方,其動作不謂不大;菲方以其微不足道的海空實力竟不為所動,個中玄機耐人尋味。

就地緣戰略的視角來看,雖然菲方表態,大多出於其自身利益的考量,然其立場與2010年7月美國國務卿希拉蕊在東協地區論壇的演說中,對南海問題的主張完全一致,亦即菲方的動作處處可見美國的身影。

易言之,菲律賓的表態,只是隨著美國的號令起舞,作的只是戰術動作,而真正的戰略作為,是美國的「重返亞洲」政策及其「新軍事戰略」的部署。


美軍在亞洲海域的戰略部署

依據馬漢理論,所謂海權在「控制海洋,為我所用」上,認為海軍因商業貿易而存在,失去海洋的控制,商業貿易將逐漸蕭條。因此,南海已成為大陸發展崛起的生命線。但在現實的戰略態勢下,南海的控制掌握在美國海軍手中。

美國介入南海爭端,高唱「南海自由航行權」,其真實意涵在繼續對此戰略水域的實際掌控,而不因中共主權主張而改變。這意味著美國掌握了大陸的生存發展的命脈。


美國航空母艦兵力轉向

從軍事戰略態勢來看,南海交通線的「戰略翼側」或其安全威脅,來自東方太平洋的深處。依二戰的歷史經驗,日軍南侵以偷襲珍珠港為發動信號,旨在掩護大軍南下的翼側安全。亦即中共欲從美軍手中奪取南海的掌控權,必須將其海軍勢力擴展到第二島鏈以東地區,這是目前中共海軍能力所不能企及的。

無庸置疑的,美國「新軍事戰略」的目的,在遏制中共發展,迄今概已部署完成,該戰略規畫採「離岸制衡戰略」,旨在打一場代理人戰爭。由於共軍尚難掌控南海水域,攪動南海激起地區動盪,就能影響中共能源安全、商業貿易航道的運轉。



菲律賓在黃岩對峙事件中,即擔任這個攪動地區動盪的角色。美國為了戰略利益,捐棄昔日敵對關係,進而與越南攜手合作,菲國與越南持續在南海東西兩側遙相呼應,則南海航運將不得安寧。倘若槍聲一響,美軍藉口維持區域穩定,封鎖麻六甲海峽。

中共在此事件上,以強大的軍事威懾力,護住主權不失,不出重手教訓菲律賓,繼續「韜光養晦」,保持和平發展的戰略環境,亦有看破戰略玄機,不作軍事冒險的寓意。


中華民國 南疆鎖鑰-太平島

在此複雜的戰略環境中,我太平島已受到來自越南的威脅,由於我海空支援鞭長莫及,駐軍維護海疆任務甚為艱鉅,除了增強防務,亦須爭取聯盟合作。



由於兩岸在南海有共同的戰略利益,雖然現今缺乏軍事互信,但共軍已表態願意兩岸合作,政府應慎重考慮。


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回復: 美國插手南海事,中菲黃岩島對峙~軍事倫理(二)軍隊文化

發表  世清教官 于 周一 4月 30, 2012 11:22 am

南海宣示主權 立委密飛太平島



聯合新聞網 記者許紹軒 台北報導 2012年4月30日 上午2:59

近來南海風雲詭譎,中、美、越、菲甚至印度都動作頻頻,據了解,立法院外交及國防委員會多位立委計畫今天清晨搭機前往太平島慰勞駐軍,如果天候許可順利成行,國會議員「勞軍」太平島,被視為中華民國政府對最近南海議題重要的宣示。

對於這項行程,立院諱莫如深,僅以視察屏東空軍基地E-2K預警機為由回應外界詢問,多位立委助理也未獲得明確告知,相關立委也不願意證實。

據指出,一行人已在昨天傍晚抵達並夜宿屏東基地,計畫今天清晨就搭乘C-130運輸機前往,島上停留數十分鐘,預計下午回到台北。



我國在二○○六年展開對太平島的積極建設,首先是以醫療救援等人道理由,在島上興建跑道;完工後,前總統陳水扁在二○○八年二月搭機登島,成為首度登島的中華民國總統。

二○一一年國防部舉行二梯次南沙青年研習營;二○一二年二月國防部在太平島機場興建太康助導航設施,以改善目前C-130運輸機只能採目視進場的克難降落方式。



最近南海十分不平靜,大陸與菲律賓在黃岩島對峙多日,菲國外長甚至呼籲透過國際仲裁以解決南海問題;四月分,美菲、美越還各自舉行聯合軍演;越南更與印度石油公司在南海執行油氣探勘,引發大陸官方嚴辭批評;三月底,甚至傳出越南艦艇挑釁我太平島駐軍。

外交及國防委員會本周召委是林郁方,據了解,這趟行程非常低調,就算在立法院官方網站的會議預報中,也僅顯示是「第四次考察前往南部地區考察軍事設施」。

委員會在五月二日更召集外交部、國防部、海巡署與內政部首長進行「維護釣魚台及南海主權應有之作為」專案報告並備質詢。


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回復: 美國插手南海事,中菲黃岩島對峙~軍事倫理(二)軍隊文化

發表  世清教官 于 周三 五月 09, 2012 9:04 am

Philippine, China firms discuss South China Sea gas project

MANILA Tue May 8, 2012 5:45am EDT Reuters

The Philippines' Philex Petroleum Corp said on Tuesday it has discussed a possible partnership with Chinese offshore oil producer CNOOC to develop a natural gas prospect in the disputed South China Sea, a deal that may help ease tension between the two sides.

China meanwhile warned the Philippines that confrontation over an island in the South China Sea could worsen and Beijing has made "every preparation" to counter what it called potential expansion of the conflict by Manila.
Philex would need a major foreign partner to develop its Sampaguita project, or "service contract 72", estimated to cost billions of dollars, chairman Manuel Pangilinan told reporters.

"I received an official invitation from CNOOC. I was in Beijing last week and we discussed SC 72," he said, referring to the exploration permit issued by the Philippines' Department of Energy covering the Sampaguita gas discovery in the Reed Bank in the disputed waters.

"Whether it's the Chinese that we will eventually partner with or the non-Chinese, I think it is necessary for us to partner with an international oil major who have the expertise and the money," he said.

"(Sampaguita) will take six to 10 years to develop, that's why it's important for us to start now."

It was in the Reed Bank where Chinese navy vessels tried to ram one of the survey ships of Forum Energy, a unit of Philex, almost halting its research work last year.

Pangilinan declined to give more details on the talks with CNOOC, or China National Offshore Oil Corp, saying he was not at liberty to do so.

"Any discussions with them at this stage is privileged," he said, adding the Philippine government was aware of the talks.

A partnership between Philex and CNOOC on the Sampaguita project, which is estimated in a 2006 study to hold up to 20 trillion cubic feet of natural gas or more than five times initial estimates, may help defuse tension.
China has territorial disputes with the Philippines, Vietnam, Brunei, Malaysia and Taiwan across the South China Sea.

A Philippine coast guard ship and two Chinese maritime surveillance vessels faced off near the Scarborough Shoal in waters believed to be rich in oil and gas in early April after what China said was harassment of Chinese fishing boats.

Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Fu Ying summoned the Charge D'affaires at the Philippine Embassy Alex Chua on Monday to complain for the third time in less than a month over a continuing standoff.

"The Philippines clearly has not recognised that it is making a serious mistake," Fu said, adding it was "difficult to be optimistic" about the dispute.

"We hope the Philippines will not misjudge the situation and not escalate tensions without considering the consequences," she said in a statement posted to the ministry's website (www.mfa.gov.cn) on Tuesday.

"China has also made every preparation to respond to the Philippines' intensification of the situation," Fu said.

Philippine Foreign Affairs Secretary Albert del Rosario reiterated the rules-based approach in the U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), which Manila signed in 1984, was the way forward in addressing the disputes.

"UNCLOS has never been more important for the Philippines than today, when overlapping maritime claims threaten as never before the peace and prosperity in our part of the world," he said in a statement.

The disputes are pushing the Philippines to seek closer cooperation with its chief ally the United States, drawing Chinese condemnation.


(Reporting by Erik dela Cruz and Manuel Mogato in Manila and Michael Martina in Beijing; Editing by Rosemarie Francisco and Nick Macfie)

特別感謝 兩岸和平研究中心 副執行長 張博士蜀誠 提供資訊!
http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/05/08/philippines-china-idUSL4E8G853M20120508
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